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Kruger National Park (South Africa)

Quick overview of the Kruger National Park

The Kruger National Park is one of the largest game reserves in Africa, and covers 18,989 square kilometers, and extends 360 kilometers from North to South, and 65 kilometers from East West. The Kruger National Park is bordered by two South African provinces, Limpopo and Mpumalanga. Nine gates provide access to the different camps:

  • Paul Kruger Gate
  • Numbi Gate
  • Malelane Gate
  • Crocodile Bridge Gate
  • Punda Maria Gate
  • Orpen Gate
  • Phalaborwa Gate
  • Phabeni Gate
  • Pafuri Gate


Cultural Heritage Sites in the Kruger National Park

The Kruger National Park is home to numerous historic locations and rock art sites. Some of the more famous sites include:

Thulamela Hill

Here, archeologists discovered the first artifacts that could provide some insight into the history of South Africa. The archeologists also discovered the remains of a Late Iron Age settlement, and various other artifacts like gold beads, ostrich-shell beads, metal rings and charcoal. Carbon dating indicated this site to have been inhabitated from the 15th to mid 17th century.

Masorini Heritage Site

Unlike Thulamela, the village of Masorini is not that old, as artifacts and ruins found here date back to the early 1900's. Masorini is located about 11km from the Phalaborwa gate, on the road to the Letaba camp.

Other interesting historic sites include the Albasini ruins, Skukuza Hut museum, Stevenson-Hamilton memorial library and the Dog's Graveyard, also known as Little Heroes Acres.

View a map of the Historical sites in the Kruger National Park

Regions of the Kruger National Park

Far North Region


South from the Limpopo River


This region is dominated by Mopane trees.


The region is mostly arid and flat, with zones where higher localized rainfall giving rise to the formation of dense Mopane groves

Game Viewing

Nyala, Sable, Eland, Buffalo, Elephant, Lion, Cheetah, Leopard

Northern Region


Ranging southwards from Capricorn to the Olifants River, east from the Lebombo mountains


Smaller trees such as Leadwood, Apple Leaf, Jackalberry and Nyala Trees


Sparse, isolated hills, rich in pre-historic artifacts

Game Viewing

Elephant, Zebra, Buffalo, Tsessebe, Ostrich

Central Region


The Sabi river is on the South, and the Olifants river on the North of this region

Vegetation & Landscape

Grassy plains

Game Viewing

This region has the most rich game of the four regions. Zebra, Girafffe, Wildebeest, Lion, Cheetah, Leopard, Rhino, Sable, Buffalo, Eland, Wild Dogs

Southern Region


Between Sabi and the Crocodile rivers


Densely vegetated with Marula, Leadwood and Acacia trees

Game Viewing

This region is Lion country, and has the greatest Rhino Population. The high density of vegetation makes game viewing difficult, but has the best changes of seeing Black and White Rhinos